Papers

Journal of Ultra Scientist of Physical Sciences - B
Voulume: 23
Issue: 2
Article No. 1
1H NMR Spin-Lattice Relaxation Time and Mutual Viscosity of some Substituted Pyridines
Ajay Kumar Singh

Department of Physics, Bareilly College Bareilly  UP India

Email:-aksnmr@gmail.com

Abstract :

 The experimental values of NMR spin lattice relaxation time (T1) of 2-aminopyridine, 3-Aminopyridine, 4-Aminopyridine, 2-Chloropyridine and 3-Bromopyridine have been reported. These values of T1 have been correlated with the calculated values of T1 obtained using various equations for dielectric relaxation time (t). This comparative study concludes that the values of dielectric relaxation time and NMR spin lattice relaxation time obtained using Murty equation are in better agreement with the experimental values. Experimental values of the mutual viscosity (n) of 2-aminopyridine, 3-Aminopyridine and 4-Aminopyridine have been also reported. It has been concluded that the mutual viscosity is a better substitute for the resistance to the rotation of the individual solute molecule. 
 

Keyword : Nuclear magnetic resonance, Spin- lattice relaxation time, Dielectric relaxation time, Mutual Viscosity.
DOI : jusps-B
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Article No. 2
Momentum and heat transfer in the MHD unsteady flow of a visco-elastic liquid over an oscillating porous plate in a rotating frame with varied species concentration and dissipation
M. GOSWAMI1, M. JENA2 and S. BISWAL3

1Regional Institute of Education, Bhubanessware India

2College of Basic Sciences and Humanities, Bhubaneswar India

Abstract :

 Heat and mass transfer in the magnetohydrodynamic flow of a visco-elastic fluid over an oscillating porous plate in a rotating frame with dissipation has been studied. After solving the constitutive equations of motion, energy and concentration by the use of complex functions, results have been discussed with the help of graphs and tables. It is observed that the velocity of flow increases with the non-Newtonian parameter (Rc) whereas the transverse component of the velocity of flow decreases with Rc. Magnetic parameter decelerates the flow. 
 

Keyword :  MHD flow, non-Newtonian fluid, rotating frame, momentum, heat transfer, mass transfer, dissipation.
DOI : jusps-B
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Article No. 3
Investigation of structural and electrical properties of heavy rare-earth zirconate compounds
Priyanka Rani, A.N. Thakur and Pooja Raghuvanshi

Department of Physics, T.D. Post Graduate College Jaun-UP India

Email:-ant_tdc@yahoo.com

Abstract :

A heavy rare-earth zirconate R2Zr2Ocompound (where R = Y & Gd) was prepared by solid state reaction at 1300K for 50h. The prepared compound has been characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential thermal analysis (DTA), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and derivative thermogravimetry (DTG). The XRD Studies indicates the formation of single phase orthorhombic structure at room temperature. The electrical conductivity of R2Zr2O7compound were measured in the temperature range 300-1125 K at an internal frequency of 1 kHz. The logs vs. 103/T plot yield the different slopes separated by break temperature (T1). The activation energy below and above this break temperature have been estimated as approximately 0.10eV and 3eV respectively. Hence the electrical conduction below T1 is essentially extrinsic always associated with impurities, defects and interstitials and conduction above T1 is essentially intrinsic due to the change in conduction mechanism. 
 

Keyword : Electrical Conductivity, XRD, DTA, TGA, DTG, Y2Zr2O7, Gd2Zr2O7 .
DOI : jusps-B
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Article No. 4
Transport Studies on La, Ce and Pr nickelates
Kanchan Gaur, Shalini and Satyendra Singh

Faculty of Science, K.N. Govt P.G.College Gyanpur S.R.N Bhadohi India

Abstract :

 The electrical conductivity (s) and Seebeck coefficient (S) of rare-earth nickelates of the type RNiO3 with R = La, Ce and Pr are reported in the temperature range 400-1200K. These nickelates are perosskite type compounds with orthorhombic unit cell. It has been concluded that they are essentially electronic conductors and both the s and S variations with temperature (T) show three regions with break temperatures T1 and T2. The majority charge carriers are holes throughout the study. The conduction mechanism has been explained on the basis of energy band diagram. Energy band gap and mobility of charge carriers have also been evaluated.

Keyword : Transpost studies
DOI : jusps-B
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Article No. 5
Synthesis, characterization and dielectric properties of Re2Zr2O7 (Re = Y & Gd)
Priyanka Rani, A.N. Thakur and Pooja Raghuvanshi

Department of Physics, Tilak Dhari Post Grduate College Jaunpur India

Email:-ant_tdc@yahoo.com

Abstract :

The polycrystalline rare-earth metal zirconates Re2Zr2O7, where Re = Y and Gd have been synthesized by the solid state reaction technique. The synthesis process was monitored by differential thermal analysis (DTA), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and derivative thermogravimetry (DTG). The compounds were characterized through powder XRD. XRD patterns show them to be single phase orthorhombic structure at room temperature. The dielectric constant (e´) and dielectric loss (e") of the compounds have been measured at 1kHz in the temperature range 300 to 1125K. The log e´ vs T and log e´´ vplots of Y2Zr2O7 and Gd2Zr2O7 show rapid increase of dielectric constant and dielectric loss above 700K and 680K respectively. 
 

Keyword :  dielectric constant; dielectric loss; XRD; DTA; TGA; DTG; Y2Zr2O7; Gd2Zr2O7.
DOI : jusps-B
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Article No. 6
X-ray Diffractrometric Studies on Human Nail
P. VENKAT RAO, ADEEL AHMAD and B.S. BELLUBBI

Biophysics Unit,Department of Physics ,Nizam college (Autonomous) Osmania Universiity Hyderabad India

Abstract :

This paper is concerned with the identification of inorganic constituent of human nail and crystallanity of human nail mineral and protein. The presence of inorganic material in human finger nail, whether it is of male or female, is scanty. The crystallanity, size distribution and preferential orientation of crystallite are ruled out. 
 

Keyword :  Human nail diffraction, X-ray diffraction, crystallanity.
DOI : jusps-B
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Article No. 7
On Bosonic And Fermionic Fields
*G.S. Dubey and **K.P. Mishra

*(Ex) Department of Physics,G.S. P.G College Samodhpur, Jaunpur UP India

**Krishna Institute of Engg & Technology Ghaziabad U.P India

Abstract :

 We presented that all the properties of the Bosonic cases are applicable to the Fermionic path integral. One may extend the derivation to multiple Fermi oscillators and to field theory. Renormalisation theory reads in the same way as for Bosonic path integral. Fermionic path integrals satisfy cutting relations. Insertion of x(t) and (t) in the path integral again gives the corresponding operator in the matrix element, and multiple insertions are time ordered.

Keyword : Bosonic, Fermionic
DOI : jusps-B
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Article No. 8
Evaluation of Elastic Constant and Pressure Derivatives of mixed Deuterium Halides
*DEEPAK RAWAT and **N.K. GAUR

*Department of Physics, Saifia PG College of Science and Education Bhopal India

**Department of Physics, Barkatullah University Bhopal India

Abstract :

In the present paper we have investigated the elastic constant and Pressure Derivatives of mixed Deuterium Halides and are evaluated by using three-body interaction potential model which can predict Third order elastic constant (TOEC), Fourth order elastic constant (FOEC) and Pressure Derivatives of Second order elastic constant (SOEC) and Third order elastic constant (TOEC).Theoretical results are in good agreement with experimental data. Most of the physical properties like high pressure phase transition, cohesive energy and other properties of some ionic and partially covalent crystals are also obtained.

Keyword : Elastic constant, Pressure derivatives
DOI : jusps-B
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Article No. 9
Determination of Optimal Reserve of Semi finished Products between Three Machines in Series
T. Venkatesan1, C.Muthu2 and R. Sathiyamoorthy3

1Assistant Professor, Department of Mathematics, Sri Venkateswara College of Engineering & Technology, Thirupachur tamil Nadu India

2Associate Professor in Statistics, St Joseph's College Trichy Tamil Nadu India

3Professor of Statistics(rtd), Annamalai University Annamalai Nagar Tamil Nadu India

Email:- statmaths80@gmail.com

Abstract :

 In inventory control there are many models based on the concepts of reliability theory. The concept of stations in series has been used to find the optimal quantity of semi finished products between two machines in series. This problem can be extended to the case of three machines in series and in such a case the reserve S1 is the quantity of semi finished product generated by M1 and S2 stands for the quantity of semi finished product by M2. In this paper the optimal size of the reserves S1 and Sare obtained under the assumption that the break down duration of the first machine M2 is a random variable distributed as first order statistic, similarly it is also distributed as nth order statistic. 
 

Keyword :  Optimal reserve , Semi finished products , machines in series, first order statistic and nth order statistic.
DOI : jusps-B
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Article No. 10
A Solution of wordsize enlargement problem in fft processor
1Manish Mishra, 2Shikha Srivastava, 3Nishu Rai and 4Vikas Tripathi

1,2,4Department of Electronics, D.D.U, Gorakhpur University,Gorakhpur India

3Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Suysh Institute of Technology, Gorakhpur India

1Email:-mmanishm@yahoo.com

Abstract :

One of the most difficult problems to overcome when implementing FFT algorithm in fixed point arithmetic is that of word size enlargement. Here in this paper a novel scheme is proposed to overcome this problem using SD butterfly processor. The proposed SD butterfly processor can handle a word size of 64 bit without any overflow or data loss and at the same time maintaining accuracy of data at the output. 
 

Keyword : Decimation in time, Fast Fourier Transform, Global Weighting Register, Butterfly.
DOI : jusps-B
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